Infrastructure Networks Climate Adaptation & Hotspots

The aim of the INCAH program was to provide strategic but scientifically underpinned intelligence on the interconnection between climate change, hotspots, infrastructures and governance for adaptation. The focus was on transport, energy and water networks in the Rotterdam-Rijnmond and Amsterdam/Schiphol; its objective was to help the hotspots to develop robust adaptation strategies (read more). INCAH’s main research questions (MRQ) are:

  • What are relevant effects of climate change on infrastructures?
  • To what extent do these effects threaten the safe, sound, reliable operation of infrastructures, their availability and socio-economic productivity?
  • How can we avoid congestion, service interruption, system breakdown or even systemic crisis through reinforcing effects rippling through interconnected infrastructures?
  • Through what policies, strategies and governance can we adapt infrastructure networks and make our economic hot-spots robust and resilient to climate change?

Work Packages

This Consortium identifies four work packages. Availability and quality of infrastructure is addressed by considering the physical infrastructure components. A second work package focused on the performance and robustness of infrastructure networks. The economic tools for decision making are developed in a third work package. The experiences and insights gained in these three work packages are brought together into one integrative work package. Read more.

Climate proofness of physical infrastructure

The main question when considering the climate proofness of infrastructure is “How many sub-surface conditions change and affect physical infrastructure?” 
Building on hydraulic and geotechnics engineering it have been investigated what effects can be expected, what their consequences may be, and by what measures they may be prevented or neutralized.

Socio-economic effects of climate change on main ports and urban infrastructure networks

The socio-economic effects of climate change have been identified via changes in the reliability and usability of transport and electricity infrastructures and via the physical infrastructure in the hotspot regions. Subsequently, the potential flexibility-oriented adaptation approaches have been developed.

Case Study: Botlek Area

In this case study we took a qualitative look at the consequences of climate change for the infrastructure and networks in the area around the Botlektunnel (read more).



Consortium Partners

Theme 5 Consortium Partners
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prof. dr. ir. L.A. Tavasszy (scientifically)
+31 88 8668532

ir. N. Maas
+31 88 8663137

Network robustness and adaptation

The analysis of the infrastructure robustness is divided into three categories: 

  • What is the vulnerability of interconnected networks?
  • Short term adaptation: how to make existing infrastructure robust to climate change?
  • Long term: how can we develop climate change resilient infrastructure networks?

Adaptation strategies for hotspots

The three categories – physical infrastructure, network robustness and socio-economic effects – have been integrated and the knowledge obtained valorised by: 

  • Creating a platform for dialogue between researchers and practitioners
  • Developing a system model to assemble and structure (existing and new) knowledge
  • Making a compilation of flexible adaptation strategies

Project Members

Hotspots and Stakeholders

Adjacent project

International Partners

International Partners theme 5
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